Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally and is found in several Foods and water. Each day, minerals are lost and added to the enamel layer of the tooth through two processes known as remineralization and demineralization. The enamel layer of the tooth loses minerals when acids formed by plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth attack the enamel. Minerals such as calcium, fluoride, and phosphate are redeposited to the enamel when we consume food and water. Tooth decay occurs due to demineralization without sufficient remineralization. Fluoride prevents tooth decay by improving the tooth’s resistance to acid attacks which come from sugars and plaque in the mouth. Fluoride thus helps to reverse tooth decay. Fluoride is involved in the development of permanent teeth in children who are under six, making it hard for the acids to demineralize the teeth. Fluoride also assists in quickening the process of remineralization and reducing the production of acid in teeth that have already erupted in both adults and children.
Fluoride may be used right to the teeth through fluoridated toothpaste and mouth rinses. Mouth rinses that have fluoride in lower levels can be bought over the counter. If one needs a stronger concentration, they have to get a prescription from a dentist. A dentist can also employ fluoride in their office as a foam, gel or varnish. These treatments have a higher level of fluoride than that found in mouth rinses, and toothpaste. Additionally, there are fluoride supplements which are available in tablet or liquid form and the pediatrician, dentist or family doctor has to prescribe them.
It is important that babies and children who are between six months and sixteen years are exposed to fluoride. During this time frame, the primary and permanent teeth develop. But, fluoride also benefits adults. New research has demonstrated that topical fluoride that’s found in fluoride therapies, mouth rinses, and toothpaste are as crucial in strengthening growing teeth as in fighting tooth decay. There are those that have a higher risk of experiencing tooth decay who would benefit greatly from fluoride therapy. They include those with dry mouth circumstances, people with gum disease also called periodontitis, those with a history of cavities that occur often and those that have crowns or braces.
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Fluoride is efficient and safe when used as instructed by the dentist but it may be harmful if consumed in high doses which are at toxic levels. For this reason, it is important that parents manage how their kids utilize products that contain fluoride. They ought to take precautions to keep fluoride products from the reach of their kids, particularly those that are under sixteen. More for this, excessive fluoride may cause defects in the tooth’s enamel.The Best Advice on Dentists I’ve found