The tutorial journal that published controversial analysis by a Canadian researcher touting the advantages of vitamin dietary supplements for seniors has issued a retraction. Some of the most poignant criticisms of expertise are found in what at the moment are thought of to be dystopian literary classics resembling Aldous Huxley ‘s Courageous New World , Anthony Burgess ‘s A Clockwork Orange , and George Orwell ‘s Nineteen Eighty-4 In Goethe’s Faust , Faust selling his soul to the satan in return for power over the bodily world is also typically interpreted as a metaphor for the adoption of industrial technology.
Nor should it apply to agreements to arrange technology pools, that is to say, agreements for the pooling of applied sciences with the aim of licensing them to 3rd events, or to agreements whereby the pooled expertise is licensed out to those third events.
For technology switch agreements between non-competitors it may be presumed that, where the person share of the related markets accounted for by every of the parties doesn’t exceed 30 % and the agreements do not contain certain severely anti-aggressive restrictions, they generally result in an enchancment in manufacturing or distribution and allow customers a fair share of the ensuing advantages.
Particularly, expertise transfer agreements containing sure severely anti-competitive restrictions, such because the fixing of prices charged to third events, needs to be excluded from the benefit of the block exemption established by this Regulation irrespective of the market shares of the undertakings concerned.
With the intention to attain the benefits and objectives of expertise transfer, this Regulation shouldn’t solely cowl the switch of know-how as such but also other provisions contained in expertise switch agreements if, and to the extent that, those provisions are immediately related to the manufacturing or sale of the contract merchandise.