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Tips on Shrubs Pruning

When homeowners say they’re planning to prune their shrubs, they frequently mean they’re going to ‘shear’ their shrubs. Although ‘shearing’ has its usefulness in landscaping, it’s typically done for aesthetic reasons and infrequently ends in a wholesome plant. Pruning on the flip side, if done right, makes the plant more healthy and formed true to its natural shape.

The right pruning consistently results in a more vigorous and healthy plant. The right pruning also leaves the shrub in its authentic form, not shaped into something it is not.

Any pruning should begin with the removal of any dead or crossing branches. Crossing branches are those that grow inward toward or crossing the inside of the shrub. These are of no use and will inhibit the growth of branches that are desired by shading the interior of the plant. Once the dead and crossing branches are removed, you’ll need to determine which type of pruning the shrub needs: rejuvenation or maintenance pruning.
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Maintenance pruning is simply required several times a year and requires only removing unwanted branches to maintain a natural shape. Search for long branches that seem out of place. Reach to the middle of the plant when removing in order to find the natural branching point. This is the area you ought to make the cut.
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The cut should be allowing water to run off by being at a 45-degree angle. Make the cut at 1/4-inch above the bud node. The bud node is where there will be the start of growth, so select a node pointing in the direction of the desired growth. Settling upon a node pointed toward the middle of the plant can lead to a branch that is crossing.

Rejuvenation pruning, on the other hand, should be carried out on older plants. As plants age, main branches or stems lose their vigor and start to become unproductive. As the name suggests, rejuvenation pruning means precisely what it says, it rejuvenates older plants by returning them to their prior vigor and shape. There are two approaches to get this done, one is extreme and the other is less intense.

Sometimes called renewal pruning, this drastic pruning involves cutting the plant completely back to a height between 6 to 12 inches. It’s not appropriate for many shrubs since this could be very difficult on a plant, so seek advice from the local greenhouse, extension agent or research it yourself. As the plant will be needing time to recover, timing can be crucial with this type of pruning.

If the plant continues to be pretty vigorous, in the event the shrub cannot handle a radical cutback or in the event you intend to rejuvenate the shrub but nevertheless maintain its form, you’re able to do a long-term drastic rejuvenation.

Following these easy techniques will keep your shrubs healthy, vigorous and, in the case of flowering shrubs, covered in flowers year in, year out.