To see if this document has been printed in an e-OJ with authorized worth, click on on the icon above (For OJs printed before 1st July 2013, solely the paper version has authorized value). For technology transfer agreements between rivals it can be presumed that, the place the mixed share of the relevant markets accounted for by the parties doesn’t exceed 20 % and the agreements do not contain sure severely anti-competitive restrictions, they generally lead to an enchancment in production or distribution and permit customers a fair share of the ensuing advantages.
A modern example is the rise of communication technology, which has lessened obstacles to human interaction and because of this has helped spawn new subcultures; the rise of cyberculture has at its foundation the event of the Internet and the pc 15 Not all technology enhances tradition in a artistic means; know-how can even assist facilitate political oppression and battle via tools reminiscent of weapons.
In physics , the invention of nuclear fission has led to each nuclear weapons and nuclear energy Computer systems were additionally invented and later miniaturized using transistors and built-in circuits Info expertise subsequently led to the creation of the Internet , which ushered within the current Info Age People have additionally been capable of discover area with satellites (later used for telecommunication ) and in manned missions going all the way in which to the moon.
Regulation No 19/65/EEC empowers the Commission to apply Article a hundred and one(3) of the Treaty by regulation to certain classes of know-how switch agreements and corresponding concerted practices to which only two undertakings are get together which fall within Article 101(1) of the Treaty.
The market-share thresholds and the non-exemption of know-how transfer agreements containing the severely anti-aggressive restrictions and the excluded restrictions offered for on this Regulation will usually be sure that the agreements to which the block exemption applies don’t enable the taking part undertakings to get rid of competition in respect of a considerable a part of the products in query.